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Purnia District

Purnia district covers 3202.31 sq. kms of the state of Bihar. It is bordered by Araria district in north, Katihar and Bhagalpur district in South, Madhepura and Saharsa district in the west and West Dinajpur district of West Bengal and Kishanganj district of Bihar in east. It lies between 25 degree 13 minutes 80 seconds and 27-degree 7 minutes 59 seconds north latitude and between 86 degree 59 minutes 6 seconds and 87-degree 52 minutes 35 seconds east longitude.

As per 1991 census, the total population of Purnia district is 18,78,885 of which 9,87,241 are male and 8,91,644 are female. The district is divided into 4 sub divisions, 14 Blocks, 251 Gram Panchayats, and 1296 villages. The river Kosi and Mahananda and their tributaries irrigate different parts of the district.

Since agriculture is the principal occupation of the people of Purnia. Crops grown in this region are paddy, Jute, Wheat, Maize, Moong, Masoor, Mustard linseed, Sugar cane and Potato. Jute is the major cash crop of Purnia district. Fruit plants like coconut, Banana, Mango, Guava, Lemon, Jack Fruit, Pineapple and banana are also grown here. Rearing of livestock like goat, cow and pig is very popular in Purnia. It produces the maximum number of poultry and eggs in Bihar. The Sugar mill at Banmankhi and 716 other small-scale industries provide employment to the people of Purnia.

Purnia district can be accessed by using road and rail services. The nearest railway station of the district is Katihar, and Purnia is also connected with National Highway No. - 31 to the various states of India.

Popular tourist destinations of Purnia district are

  • Kajha Kothi
  • Kali Bari Mandir
  • Temple of Goddess Puran Devi
  • Temple of Mata Asthan, Chuna Pur
  • Temple of Goddess Radha Krishna, Madhubani

Major educational institutions of Purnia are as follows

  • Millia Fakhuruddin Ali Ahmed Teachers Training College

  • M L Arya College

  • Surya N Singh Yadav College

  • B N C College

Description Units  Units Description  Units  Units
Headquarters: PURNIA
Total Area: 3229.0 sq. Kms.
Forest Area : 13.05 sq. Kms. Net Sown Area: 5054.16 sq. Kms.
Occupied House: 337.41 '000 Net Irrigation Area : 815.63 sq. Kms.
Total Population 1878.88 '000 Total Literates 420.59 '000
Total Male 987.24 '000 Total Female 891.64 '000
Urban Population 158.14 '000 Rural Population 1720.74 '000
Rural Population - Male 901.82 '000 Rural Population - Female 818.93 '000
Urban Population - Male 85.42 '000 Urban Population - Female 72.75 '000
Total SC Population 234.48 '000 Total ST Population 82.14 '000
SC Population - Rural 220.52 '000 ST Population - Rural 76.55 '000
SC Population - Urban 13.95 '000 ST Population - Urban 5.59 '000
Total Male Literacy 304.14 '000 Total Female Literacy 11.64 '000
Rural Literates 337.63 '000 Urban Literates 82.97 '000
Rural Literates - Male 252.23 '000 Rural Literates - Female 85.4 '000
Urban Literates - Male 51.91 '000 Urban Literates - Female 31.05 '000
Rural Male Literacy % 35.49 %
Rural Female Literacy % 13.46 %
Urban Male Literacy % 73.48 %
Urban Female Literacy % 53.06 %
Total Workers ('000)
Male Workers ('000)

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