Home | My Profile | Sign In  News  Jobs |  Blogs 
About Bihar   |   People  |  Districts |  Advertisement |  Festivals  |   Cultures  |   Religion  |   Important Websites  |  Education  
Bihar Government
Chief Minister
Cabinet ministers
Elected Members
RTI Complaint & Appeal
Govt. Orders & Forms
How Do I Know?
Apply for Aadhar
Obtain a Birth Certificate
Obtain a Driving License
Apply for a Passport
Apply for a Ration Card
Apply for welfare schemes
Online electricity bill payment
Tourism in Bihar
Bihar Diaspora
Embassies & Consulates
Passport / VISA
Study in Bihar
Travel Advisory
Important Contacts
Important URL Links
Indian Railways
Check PNR Status
Reservation Availability
Train Running Information
Chief Electoral Officer
Baba Dham Deoghar
Jharkhand High Court
Jharkhand Govt
Patna High Court
Dept. of Tourism
Bihar Govt
Indian Airlines
Sahara Airlines
Jet Airways
Air Deccan
India Post Office
Indian Passport
Supreme Court of India
IGI Airport, New Delhi

Munger District

A Brief Outline
Situated in 250-23’ N. and 860-26’ E. It is the headquarter of Munger Commissionary. The town is practically surrounded by the Ganga on three sides, viz. southwest and north and the Kharagpur hills forming the eastern border. It is situated in the heart of the district and its particular location has made portion of the town a beauty spot. The situation was once considered to be strategic. Munger has a beautiful townscape. Prior to the Census of India- 1971, Monghyr was in vogue as its name.

Munger District is located in the southern part Bihar and its headquarters are located on the southern bank of river Ganges. The district is spread over 1419.7 Sq. km. accounting for 3.3% of the area of Bihar. From administrative and development point of view, Munger is divided into three subdivisions namely Munger, Kharagpur, and Tarapur. There are nine developmental blocks namely Munger, Jamalpur, Bariarpur, Dharhara, Kharagpur, Tetia Bambar, Tarapur, Asarganj and Sangarampur. There are about 903 villages in the district. The Munger district on an average is 30 to 65 mtrs above sea level. The average annual rainfall is 1231 mm.

MUNGER – Historical Pointers
The territory included within the district of Munger (famously Monghyr) formed pent of the Madhya-desa as “Midland” of the first Aryan settlers. It has been identified with Mod-Giri a place mentioned in the Mahabharata, which was the capital of a kingdom in Eastern India near Vanga and Tamralipta. In the Digvijaya Parva of Mahabharata, we find the mention of Moda-Giri, Which seems similar to Moda-Giri. Digvijaya Parva suggests that it was a monarchical state during early times. A passage in the Sabha-Parva describes Bhima’s conquest in Eastern India and says that after defeating Karna, king of Anga, he fought battle at Modagiri and killed its chief. It was also known as Maudal after Maudgalya, a disciple of Buddha, who converted a rich merchant of this place into Buddhism. Buchanan says that it was the hermitage of Mudgala Muni and this tradition of Mudgal Risi still persists. Munger is called “Modagiri” in the Monghyr copperplate of Devapala.

The derivation of the name Munger (Monghyr) has found the subject of much speculation. Tradition arcribes the foundation of the town to Chandragupta, after whom it was called Guptagars a name which has been found inscribed on a rock at Kastaharni Ghat at the north-western corner of the present fort. It is insisted that Mudgalrisi lived there. Tradition ascribes the composition of various suktar of the 10th Mavdala of the Rigveda to Rishi Mudgal and his clan. However, General Cunnigham had strong suspicicion when he connects this original name with Mons as Mundas, who occupied this part before the advent of the Aryans. Again Mr. C.E.A. oldham, ICS, a farmer collector suggests the possibility of Munigiha, ie , the abode of the Muni, without any specification which later corrupted to Mungir and later became Munger.

At the dawn of history, the present site of the town was apparently comprised within the Kingdom of Anga, with the capital Champa near Bhagalpur. According to Pargiter, Anga comprises the modern districts of Bhagalpur and Munger commissionary. The Anga dominion at one time included Magadha and the Shanti-arva refers to an Anga king who sacrificed at Mount Vishnupada. In the epic period Modagiri finds mention as a separate state. The success of the Anga did not last long and about the middle of the sixth century B.C. Bimlisara of Magadha is said to have killed Brahmadatta, the last independent ruler of ancient Anga. Hence the Anga became an integral part of the growing empire of Magadh. As epigraphic evidence of the Gupta period suggests that Munger was under the Guptas. To the reign of Buddhagupta (447-495 A.D) belongs a copper plate of A.D. 488-9 originally found at Mandapura in the district.

. . Units . . Units
Headquarters: MUNGER
Total Area: 6422.0 sq. Kms.
Forest Area : 1348.28 sq. Kms. Net Sown Area: 2471.24 sq. Kms.
Occupied House: 452.55 '000 Net Irrigation Area : 1294.16 sq. Kms.
Total Population 3060.03 '000 Total Literates 1013.21 '000
Total Male 1625.53 '000 Total Female 1434.49 '000
Urban Population 507.65 '000 Rural Population 2552.38 '000
Rural Population - Male 660.42 '000 Rural Population - Female 0.0 '000
Urban Population - Male 283.17 '000 Urban Population - Female 0.0 '000
Total SC Population 121.35 '000 Total ST Population 14.55 '000
SC Population - Rural 94.23 '000 ST Population - Rural 13.39 '000
SC Population - Urban 27.12 '000 ST Population - Urban 1.16 '000
Total Male Literacy 726.77 '000 Total Female Literacy 286.44 '000
Rural Literates 745.02 '000 Urban Literates 268.19 '000
Rural Literates - Male 554.66 '000 Rural Literates - Female 190.36 '000
Urban Literates - Male 172.11 '000 Urban Literates - Female 96.08 '000
Rural Male Literacy % 51.27 % . Rural Female Literacy % 20.23 % .
Urban Male Literacy % 76.55 % . Urban Female Literacy % 50.72 % .
Total Workers ('000) . . Male Workers ('000) . .

Find Us On Facebook

Follow Us Google+

Follow Us Twitter
2014: All Rights Reserved