Madhubani is a town and a municipality in Madhubani district in the Indian state
of Bihar. It is the district headquarters. It lies 26 km northeast of Darbhanga
town and was part of the erstwhile 'Bettiah Raj'. Internal disputes and family quarrels
divided the Bettiah Raj in course of time. The Madhuban Raj in Madhubani was created
as a consequence. The word "Madhuban" means "forest of honey" from which Madhubani
is derived, but sometimes it is also known as "madhu"+"vaani", meaning "sweet" "voice/language".
Madhubani is the cultural heart of Mithilanchal, being the birthplace of many literary
people and home to Madhubani Paintings.It is said to be that Madhubani is the world's
second city who adopted democracy.
Madhubani District is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and
Madhubani town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Madhubani district
is a part of Darbhanga Division. The district occupies an area of 3501 km² and has
a population of 3,570,651 (as of 2001). This is the centre of Mithila, a region
where the main language is Maithili.
Madhubani district comprises the following Sub-Divisions: