Begusarai occupies a central position in North Bihar. In 1870 it was established
as a sub-divison of the Munger district. It emerged as a district in 1972. It was
named after "Begu" a man of this district who used to look after "Sarai"
an old and small market.
Begusarai lies in North Bihar between latitudes 25°15' and 25° 45' north
and longitudes 85°45' and 86°36" east. This town expands perpendicularly
from east to west which used to be a main link road. It is bounded on the north
by Samastipur, on the south by the Ganga and the Lakhisarai district, on the east
by Khagaria and Munger and on the west by the Samastipur and Patna districts.
Land : In accordance with the reports compiled by the District Agriculture Office,
Begusarai, the principal characteristics of the land use pattern of the Begusarai
district for the year 2002-2003 is as follows:
Total area : 1, 87,967.5 Hectares
Total irrigated land:
Forest area : Nil
Orch. etc. area : 5000 Hectares
Kharif Paddy : 22000 Hectares
Garma Paddy : 10000 Hectares
Wheat : 61000 Hectares
Irrigated Area : (1) Permanent: 6384.29 Hectares
Garama & Rabi maize: 50000 Hectares.
(2) Seasonal: 4866.37 Hectares
Kharif maize: 63000 Hectares
Wasteland and non arable area : 2118 Hectares
Natural Water sources
Begusarai district is located in the middle Ganga plain. Main rivers are Burhi Gandak,
Balan, Bainty, Baya and Chandrabhaga.
Kaver Jheel one of the Asia’s largest fresh water lake, also famous for Bird’s
No minerals of economic importance
Mostly by Tubwells
This district does not comprise of any forest. In contrast to the eastern portions
of the old district of Munger, this district lying south to the Ganga does not comprise
of any forest of sal and other large trees. At most of the places, there are gardens
of mango and litchi. Chakmuzaffar a village of Naokothi block is famous for banana.
Apart from these, Babul, Neem, Guava, Lemon, Gamahar, Peepal, Bamboo, shirish are
also found. Shisham is one of the most important ones of them.
Wild animals are scarcely found in this district. However, birds are seen in large
numbers in various colours, particularly in the bird sanctuary of Kaver Lake. As
of now 59 types of birds from abroad and 107 types of birds from home have been
Sources of Livelihood
Agriculture is the mainstay here. 88.33% people depend upon agriculture. Main cash
crops of the district are oilseeds, tobacco, jute, potato, red chilies, tomato and
The traditional occupation in this area has been the rearing of milch cattle. Animals
are used in agricultural work even today. In urban areas rearing of cows of hybrid
quality has increased. Despite domestic use of milk, a huge quantity of milk is
sold to the Barauni Milk Composite Dairy Industry. This gives lucrative income and
employment to the people of Begusarai.
Begusarai is nationally and internationally known for its industrial recognition.
Major industrial units are: Indian Oil Refinery- Barauni, and Hindustan Fertilizer
Limited -Barauni, Thermal power station- Barauni and hundreds of small industrial
units in the private sector in which Hindustan Fertilizer Limited -Barauni is on
the verge of closure.
This district has potential for agro- based industries because of large production
of maize and oilseeds, etc, as mentioned earlier.
Begusarai is well connected to other parts of Bihar and India through railways as
well as roads. New Delhi - Gawahati railway line passes through Begusarai. Small
aerodrome in Ulao, five kms from the district headquarters, which is used on the
arrival of very important persons. Railway has a route of 119 km (B.G.) and 67 km
(M.G.). Barauni Railway Junction occupies an important position. A number of important
trains originate from this station for distant destinations, viz, Delhi, Guwahati,
Amritsar, Varanasi, Lucknow, Mumbai, Chennai etc. Rajendra Setu on the Ganga is
connected to Mokama and Howrah. There are 18 railway stations in this district.
Interior parts of the district are connected to the main roads.The National Highways
28 and 31 link this district to the other parts of the country. Its total length
is 95 km. State roads have the total length of 262 km. 95% of the total villages
is linked to the rural and urban road facilities.