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Begusarai District

Begusarai occupies a central position in North Bihar. In 1870 it was established as a sub-divison of the Munger district. It emerged as a district in 1972. It was named after "Begu" a man of this district who used to look after "Sarai" an old and small market.

Geographical features:
Begusarai lies in North Bihar between latitudes 25°15' and 25° 45' north and longitudes 85°45' and 86°36" east. This town expands perpendicularly from east to west which used to be a main link road. It is bounded on the north by Samastipur, on the south by the Ganga and the Lakhisarai district, on the east by Khagaria and Munger and on the west by the Samastipur and Patna districts.

Land : In accordance with the reports compiled by the District Agriculture Office, Begusarai, the principal characteristics of the land use pattern of the Begusarai district for the year 2002-2003 is as follows:

Total area : 1, 87,967.5 Hectares
Total irrigated land: 74,225.57 Hectares
Forest area : Nil
Orch. etc. area : 5000 Hectares
Kharif Paddy : 22000 Hectares
Garma Paddy : 10000 Hectares
Wheat : 61000 Hectares
Irrigated Area : (1) Permanent: 6384.29 Hectares
Garama & Rabi maize: 50000 Hectares.
(2) Seasonal: 4866.37 Hectares
Kharif maize: 63000 Hectares
Wasteland and non arable area : 2118 Hectares

Natural Water sources
Begusarai district is located in the middle Ganga plain. Main rivers are Burhi Gandak, Balan, Bainty, Baya and Chandrabhaga.

Kaver Jheel
Kaver Jheel one of the Asia’s largest fresh water lake, also famous for Bird’s sanctuary.

No minerals of economic importance

Mostly by Tubwells

This district does not comprise of any forest. In contrast to the eastern portions of the old district of Munger, this district lying south to the Ganga does not comprise of any forest of sal and other large trees. At most of the places, there are gardens of mango and litchi. Chakmuzaffar a village of Naokothi block is famous for banana. Apart from these, Babul, Neem, Guava, Lemon, Gamahar, Peepal, Bamboo, shirish are also found. Shisham is one of the most important ones of them.

Wild animals are scarcely found in this district. However, birds are seen in large numbers in various colours, particularly in the bird sanctuary of Kaver Lake. As of now 59 types of birds from abroad and 107 types of birds from home have been recognized.

Sources of Livelihood
Agriculture is the mainstay here. 88.33% people depend upon agriculture. Main cash crops of the district are oilseeds, tobacco, jute, potato, red chilies, tomato and andi.

The traditional occupation in this area has been the rearing of milch cattle. Animals are used in agricultural work even today. In urban areas rearing of cows of hybrid quality has increased. Despite domestic use of milk, a huge quantity of milk is sold to the Barauni Milk Composite Dairy Industry. This gives lucrative income and employment to the people of Begusarai.

Begusarai is nationally and internationally known for its industrial recognition. Major industrial units are: Indian Oil Refinery- Barauni, and Hindustan Fertilizer Limited -Barauni, Thermal power station- Barauni and hundreds of small industrial units in the private sector in which Hindustan Fertilizer Limited -Barauni is on the verge of closure.

This district has potential for agro- based industries because of large production of maize and oilseeds, etc, as mentioned earlier.

Begusarai is well connected to other parts of Bihar and India through railways as well as roads. New Delhi - Gawahati railway line passes through Begusarai. Small aerodrome in Ulao, five kms from the district headquarters, which is used on the arrival of very important persons. Railway has a route of 119 km (B.G.) and 67 km (M.G.). Barauni Railway Junction occupies an important position. A number of important trains originate from this station for distant destinations, viz, Delhi, Guwahati, Amritsar, Varanasi, Lucknow, Mumbai, Chennai etc. Rajendra Setu on the Ganga is connected to Mokama and Howrah. There are 18 railway stations in this district. Interior parts of the district are connected to the main roads.The National Highways 28 and 31 link this district to the other parts of the country. Its total length is 95 km. State roads have the total length of 262 km. 95% of the total villages is linked to the rural and urban road facilities.

. . Units . . Units
Headquarters: BEGUSARAI . Total Area: 1918.0 sq. Kms.
Forest Area : 0.0 sq. Kms. Net Sown Area: 1220.16 sq. Kms.
Occupied House: 250.06 '000 Net Irrigation Area : 507.27 sq. Kms.
Total Population 1814.77 '000 Total Literates 530.69 '000
Total Male 956.31 '000 Total Female 858.46 '000
Urban Population 177.7 '000 Rural Population 1637.07 '000
Rural Population - Male 860.79 '000 Rural Population - Female 776.28 '000
Urban Population - Male 95.52 '000 Urban Population - Female 82.18 '000
Total SC Population 263.12 '000 Total ST Population 0.9 '000
SC Population - Rural 248.18 '000 ST Population - Rural 0.63 '000
SC Population - Urban 14.94 '000 ST Population - Urban 0.27 '000
Total Male Literacy 372.09 '000 Total Female Literacy 158.6 '000
Rural Literates 445.27 '000 Urban Literates 85.42 '000
Rural Literates - Male 317.04 '000 Rural Literates - Female 128.23 '000
Urban Literates - Male 55.05 '000 Urban Literates - Female 30.36 '000
Rural Male Literacy % 46.2 % . Rural Female Literacy % 21.07 % .
Urban Male Literacy % 70.14 % . Urban Female Literacy % 46.15 % .
Total Workers ('000) . . Male Workers ('000) . .

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