occupies a central position in North Bihar. In 1870
it was established as a sub-divison of the Munger
district. It emerged as a district in 1972. It was
named after "Begu" a man of this district
who used to look after "Sarai" an old
and small market.
Begusarai lies in North Bihar between latitudes
25°15' and 25° 45' north and longitudes
85°45' and 86°36" east. This town expands
perpendicularly from east to west which used to
be a main link road. It is bounded on the north
by Samastipur, on the south by the Ganga and the
Lakhisarai district, on the east by Khagaria and
Munger and on the west by the Samastipur and Patna
Land : In accordance with the reports compiled
by the District Agriculture Office, Begusarai, the
principal characteristics of the land use pattern
of the Begusarai district for the year 2002-2003
is as follows:
Total area :
1, 87,967.5 Hectares
Total irrigated land:
Forest area :
Orch. etc. area
: 5000 Hectares
Kharif Paddy :
: 10000 Hectares
Wheat : 61000
: (1) Permanent: 6384.29 Hectares
Garama & Rabi maize:
Wasteland and non arable
area : 2118 Hectares
Natural Water sources
Begusarai district is located in the middle Ganga
plain. Main rivers are Burhi Gandak, Balan, Bainty,
Baya and Chandrabhaga.
Kaver Jheel one of the Asia’s largest fresh
water lake, also famous for Bird’s sanctuary.
No minerals of economic importance
Mostly by Tubwells
This district does not comprise of any forest. In
contrast to the eastern portions of the old district
of Munger, this district lying south to the Ganga
does not comprise of any forest of sal and other
large trees. At most of the places, there are gardens
of mango and litchi. Chakmuzaffar a village of Naokothi
block is famous for banana. Apart from these, Babul,
Neem, Guava, Lemon, Gamahar, Peepal, Bamboo, shirish
are also found. Shisham is one of the most important
ones of them.
Wild animals are scarcely found in this district.
However, birds are seen in large numbers in various
colours, particularly in the bird sanctuary of Kaver
Lake. As of now 59 types of birds from abroad and
107 types of birds from home have been recognized.
Sources of Livelihood
Agriculture is the mainstay here. 88.33% people
depend upon agriculture. Main cash crops of the
district are oilseeds, tobacco, jute, potato, red
chilies, tomato and andi.
The traditional occupation in this area has been
the rearing of milch cattle. Animals are used in
agricultural work even today. In urban areas rearing
of cows of hybrid quality has increased. Despite
domestic use of milk, a huge quantity of milk is
sold to the Barauni Milk Composite Dairy Industry.
This gives lucrative income and employment to the
people of Begusarai.
Begusarai is nationally and internationally known
for its industrial recognition. Major industrial
units are: Indian Oil Refinery- Barauni, and Hindustan
Fertilizer Limited -Barauni, Thermal power station-
Barauni and hundreds of small industrial units in
the private sector in which Hindustan Fertilizer
Limited -Barauni is on the verge of closure.
This district has potential for agro- based industries
because of large production of maize and oilseeds,
etc, as mentioned earlier.
Begusarai is well connected to other parts of Bihar
and India through railways as well as roads. New
Delhi - Gawahati railway line passes through Begusarai.
Small aerodrome in Ulao, five kms from the district
headquarters, which is used on the arrival of very
important persons. Railway has a route of 119 km
(B.G.) and 67 km (M.G.). Barauni Railway Junction
occupies an important position. A number of important
trains originate from this station for distant destinations,
viz, Delhi, Guwahati, Amritsar, Varanasi, Lucknow,
Mumbai, Chennai etc. Rajendra Setu on the Ganga
is connected to Mokama and Howrah. There are 18
railway stations in this district. Interior parts
of the district are connected to the main roads.The
National Highways 28 and 31 link this district to
the other parts of the country. Its total length
is 95 km. State roads have the total length of 262
km. 95% of the total villages is linked to the rural
and urban road facilities.