Aurangabad District is located mainly in Godavari
Basin and its some part towards North West of Tapi
River Basin. This District’s general down level
is towards South and East and North West part comes
in Purna –Godavari river basin. The Aurangabad
district’s North Longitude ( Degree) is 19 and
20 and East Longitude (Degree ) is 74 to 76.
In Aurangbad district total Forest Area is 135.75
Sq.Km. As compare to Maharashtra the forest area of
Aurangabad is 9.03%.
There are three mountains namely
1) Antur – its height is 826 Mtr.
2) Satonda – 552 Mtr.
3) Abbasgad – 671 Mtr. and Ajintha 578 Mtrs.
Average Height of Southern portion is 600 to 670
The main rivers In Aurangabad district are Godavari
and Tapi and also Purna, Shivna, Kham . Dudhna,
Galhati and Girja rivers are the sub rivers of Godavari.
The Aurangabad District’s total area is 10,100
Sq. Kilo Mtrs. Out of which 141.1 Sq. Km is Urban
area and 99,587 Sq. Km is Rural Area.
In Aurangabad rainy season starts from the month
of June to September- and October to February-Winter
Season and March to May Summer Season. The Average
rain fall of Aurangabad District is 734 mm and the
Minimum Temperature is 5.6 D.C. Maximum Temperature
is 45.9 D.C.
In Aurangabad district as per the Census 2001 total
population is 28,97,013 and peoples mainly speaks
Marathi, Hindi, English and Urdu language.
HOW TO REACH AURANGABAD
Aurangabad is Divisional Headquarter of Revenue
Department and centrally located in State of Maharashtra.
The transportation facility such as Road, Railway
and Air are available.
1.Mumbai – Aurangabad,
4. Pune- Aurangabad.
| 1.Mumbai- Aurangabad.
- Parbhani- Aurangabad.
|1.Delhi- Mumbai- Aurangabad.
Aurangabad the only tourist district of India having
two-world heritage monuments to its credit. Moreover
it is hoped that there will be
good addition of two more in near future. Barring
these heritage monuments of Ajanta, Ellora, Daulatabad
and Bibi-Ka-Maqbara the district is rich in monuments,
historical and religious, of National importance.
Hence, it deserves the epithet as Tourist District
of India. Realizing its International Status the
erstwhile central Minister for Tourism and Culture
rightly praised the tremendous tourism potentiality
of this district in one of the International Press-
Met. (Mayami U.S.A. Press Meet.).
By and large the Foreign tourists visit India to
see the beauty of “Taj” the dream in
marble, to experience the world of Lord-Budha and
to speak to the colors sculptures of Ellora- Ajanta
and Ellora are the creations of the dedicated artists
of the by-gone days of this region. Besides the
groups of the heritage caves there are large number
of caves of equisite beauty at Pitalkhora, the earliest
rock-cut-temples of Western India, at Ghototkacha
in the panoramic gourge of Jajla hills and at Aurangabad
the sculptural beauty of which is unmatched, on
the periphery of the city itself. Besides these
cave temples the district is handsomely adorned
other heritage objects such as, the ancient city
of Pratisthan ( Paithan) famous for exuberant Paithani
sarees, the abode and saint Eknath and also known
for the wood-work of the Peshwa period, Elopur the
house of Ghrushneswara one of the twelve Jyotirlingas
of India and also the “ Gadhi” of the
Bhosales, the ancestors of Chhatrapati the architect
of Hindavi Rajya, the impregnable fort of Devgiri-
Daulatabad , Khultabad the seat of the Sufis and
the Roza of the Aurangzeb in the midst his close
relatives and preceptor. Besides these there are
large number of historical manora and mansions,
tombs and maqbaras, Hammamas and gardens, temples
and monastores. Prominent among them are Bibi-ka-Maqbara,
the tomb of Rabia-Ud Baurchi alias Dilres-Banu-
Begam the wife of Aurangzeb also known as Mini Taj,
Soneri-Mahal, the Haveli constructed by Pahadsing
a noble of orchha, Navkhanda palace, erected by
Malik Ambar the prime-minister of Nizamshahi of
Ahmednagar who enhanced the status of the city from
Khadki a small hamlet to Fateh-Nagar the then capital
of Nizamshahi Kingdom, Kile Arq the palace of Aurangzeb,
the 52 towering gates interspersed in the fortification
wall of the city mainly constructed by Aurangzeb
during his over-stay in the Deccan, Pan-Chakki,
the water-mill constructed by a sufi-saint a marvel
Feet in hydrology.
The District of Aurangabad has over the centuries
become a meeting place of life styles as it is centrally
located on the map of India. It has witnessed the
rise and fall of many dynastic such as the Setavachanas,
the Vaustokas, the Chalukyas, the Rastrakutas, the
Yadavs spanning fifteen centuries till the advent
of Muslim rule at the very end of the thirteenth
district has a long and undeterred history since
the Jatava-period to the present day. During the
early phase of ancient period it was governed by
number of tribes. This tribal units were united
during the prolonged rule of the Satevahana or Shalivahana
(230 B.C. to 230 A.D.) . The sober history of this
region begins with “ Satavahanas”. Their
rule witnessed the era of peace and prosperity and
hence the district of Aurangabad then centered around
Pratishthan the capital of the Satvahanas for centuries
together, became the hub of socio-cultural activities
of the Deccan. The Satvahanas gave incentive to
trade and commerce and monopolised the Greeco-Roman
markets as far textile goods namely Paithani the
high-class silken sarees of Paithan is concerned.
Besides to textile they established hegemony in
the trade of spice ‘ curirs’-ivory etc.
Out of which they accrued huge profits which is
evident through the material remains of their period
Day scattered all over Western India including Maharashtra
as they were the lords of the territory between
Narmada to Cavery.
In the intervening years the region began to flourish
as it was situated on the earvan routes introduced
by the Satvahanas long-back . The capital Prastishan
was linked with the above routes, along with ports
and harbors on one hand and Land-emporeas like Sarsvati,
Patliputra, Avanti, Takshashila etc. on the other.
During the early centuries of the Christian ere
the regions of the commercial were in the hands
of Buddhist community hence large number of Buddhist
caves were excavated along these trade routes i.e.
ancient “ Sarthavaha” Path- Later on
Jain and Brahmanical caves were also excavated on
par with Buddhist caves- Ellora is the best example
of the caves of all the above mentioned faiths.
Caves not only provide residence to the roaming
ascetics during the rainy season ( Varsha –
Vasa) but also promote the cause of their faith.
They also attract experts in the field of trade-commerce-agriculture
medicine etc. They also served as a education centers
devoted to the cause of cultural synthesis and integrity
of the stage. Mainly the caves are of two types”
Chaityas” i.e. prayer halls and viharas i.e.
residential units. They were functioning till the
end of 13th Century A.D.
Yadava rule witnessed the second era of prospering
as far as this District is concerned. Devgiri was
their capital where they erected huge fort which
is also one of the tourist destiny of the younger
generation. However, their fall was unexpected and
untimely. The invasion of Allauddin Khilaji changed
the fact of the Deccan. Immediately this district
was exposed to the successive muslim rule. Prominent
among them were the Tughluqs, The Nizams of Ahmednagar,
the Mughals and the Nizams of Hyderabad. Mohammad
Tughluq tried to shift his capital from Delhi to
Daulatabad- For that he tried to raise the infrastructure
of Daulatabad- However, under some geographical
constrend he changed his mind and fate of Daulatabad
was sealed forever.
Malik-Ambar also tried to defend Khadki i.e. the
old hamlet of Aurangabad against the mighty Mughal
rule but his enterprise proved unsuccessful. In
the last phase of 18th Century Aurangzeb tried to
develop this city on the lines of Delhi. During
his tenure of first Subhedari the nomenclature of
the city was changed to Aurangabad. (1636). During
his last stay as a emperor he perfected the defence
apparatus in and around the city. After his demise
Chinkilizakhan, the Nizam became the next ruler
of this territory. He made this city his first capital
. However, he migrated from Aurangabad to Hyderabad
after few decades.
From the above narration it is clear that since
the earliest times this district played a vital
role in shaping the history and culture of the region.
It was the centre of intense socio-political activities,
the Set of learning. , the seat of religious movements.
During its long and undeterred course of history
it has contributed in the filed of art, architecture,
sculpture, paintings, dress and ornaments, food
dishes and language etc. Centers like Paithan, Devgiri,
Aurangabad, Ajanta, Ellora attracted large number
of saints, poets, men and literature and artisans
from all over the country. Hence, it remained a
meeting place of different life-styles including
faiths. Therefore the district holds the visitors
spellbound with its ancient and medieval charms.
|Forest Area :
||Net Sown Area:
||Net Irrigation Area :
|Rural Population - Male
||Rural Population - Female
|Urban Population - Male
||Urban Population - Female
|Total SC Population
||Total ST Population
|SC Population - Rural
||ST Population - Rural
|SC Population - Urban
||ST Population - Urban
|Total Male Literacy
||Total Female Literacy
|Rural Literates - Male
||Rural Literates - Female
|Urban Literates - Male
||Urban Literates - Female
|Rural Male Literacy %
||Rural Female Literacy %
|Urban Male Literacy %
||Urban Female Literacy %
|Total Workers ('000)
||Male Workers ('000)